Indesign is a software programme that I was completely unfamiliar with. In all the years I have done Graphic Design (I know I’m no expert…) I have always used Photoshop, purely because it was so practical with what I wanted to do!
I had a little look at it, and I had a little (very brief) go at creating a quick double page spread layout for a magazine. Indesign is great for this kind of stuff, because it allows you to format your work and structure it all properly and all in proportion of another. Moreover, it allows you to make the same layers and adjustments on just one/every layer, as well as keeping all the pages linked!
Indesign is different from Photoshop, because Photoshop is about photo editing mainly. Similarly, illustrator is different because it is based around vectors and creating HUUUUGE shapes and images without the annoying pixilation.
Now I have experienced all 3, I am beginning to learn more about the benefits of using each one, and how you can use each one for your designs to create something purely professional, as each one has a specific function, that the other may or may not have.
I went through some of the basics about Indesign, and by using these basics; it has allowed me to produce this:
(54x54pO to start)
Points – Picas (4.23 mm = 1 Pica) This is different to using millimetres; it helps to fit in the text on a page more accurately.
Shift and command = scales text quickly
W (when not selecting anything)= shows the page without any lines and margins – shows finished layout
‘Sell’ = ‘sub-heading’ small introductory piece of what the article is about
Filling in gaps – means you can design without the text content to get a head start of everything. (Type – Fill with placeholder text)
Shift + command + (</>) = size adjustments quickly
Little red box in the bottom right of a text box = overspill of words – click on the box and paste to another area. If still too much text you click on the box in the next column, and click shift on th area where you want to paste the rest of the text and it will paste it all automatically on the rest of the pages.
Drop caps – makes the beginning of a paragraph look nicer.
Command D = file – import of an image
Approximation of shapes on text – use the pen tool to go over the image and select as many points, leaving a gap. Select all the text, and go to paragraph – align text with the object, and play around with the text to your liking.
My lecturer also showed me a little something, which again would be useful when talking about text. He showed me how to properly align my text against the baseline so that I get the best possible outcome for my layout.
Similarly to kerning, kerning measures the width between each letter. Leading is the space between the lines.
If I were to fill in the space with text, set at 11pt and show the baseline, you can see it is not lined up at all. In order to get this, you have to find the optimum leading:
(Point size x 1.2 = optimum leading)
= 11pt type x 1.2 = 13.2 leading
The box here shows the paragraph toolbox. On the bottom right, it shows two boxes. The one selected is ‘not align text to baseline’, and the other is ‘align text to baseline’. You select all the text using the Command + A buttons on the keyboard, and click on the box on the right instead.
Because the spacing is too wide, you use the calculation above to set the baseline this time.