There are 7 major types of nutrients. Energy macronutrients consist of:
Micronutrients are needed in small quantities:
Potassium = co-regulates ATP (carrier of energy cells in the body) with sodium. Too little leads to hypokalemia. Too much does the same.
Chloride = production in the stomach. Too little leads to low salt levels, too much leads to fluid loss.
Sodium = regulates ATP with potassium. Too little leads to hyponatremia. Too much leads to hypernatremia.
Calcium = builds bone and assists in the synthesis and function of blood cells. Too little causes hypocalcaemia. Too much leads to hypercalcaemia.
Magnesium = processes ATP and required for good bones. Too little leads to hypomagnesemia. Too much leads to hypermagnesaemia.
Zinc = required by several enzymes. Too little leads to short stature, anemia and pigmentation of skin. Too much suppresses copper and iron absorption.
Iron = required for proteins and enzymes (hemoglobin). Too little leads to anemia, too much leads to iron overload disorder.
Manganese = a cofactor in enzyme functions. Too little leads to wobbliness, fainting and weak tendons. Too much interferes with the absorption of dietary iron.
Copper = a component of redox enzymes. Too little can cause anemia and pancytopenia. Too much interferes with body’s formation of blood cellular components.
Iodine = required for the biosynthesis of thyroxine. Too little leads to development delays. Too much affects the function of the thyroid gland.
Selenium = cofactor essential to activity of antioxidant enzymes. Too little leads to keshan and kashing-back disease. Too much leads to garlic smelling breathe, hair loss and fatigue.
Molybdenum = vital role in uric acid formation and iron utilization, as well as carbohydrate metabolism and sulfite detoxification. Too little leads to metabolic rates being affected. Too little doesn’t show much evidence of a serious effect.
A = solubility, fat. Too little leads to night-blindness. Too much leads to keratomalacia.
B = solubility, water. There are different types of Vitamin B that have similar effects with the organs and your function ability.
C = solubility, water. Too little leads to scurvy. Too much leads to diarrhea, nausea and increased blood pressure.
D = solubility, fat. Too little leads to rickets or osteomalacia, possibly some cancers. Too much leads to headache, weakness and disturbed digestion.
E = solubility, fat. Too little leads to (rare) hemolytic anemia in newborns. Too much leads to a higher risk of congestive heart failure.
K = solubility, fat. Too little leads to bleeding, too much leads to effects of warfarin.
Having a clearer understanding about each vital nutrient that we need in our bodies, it has enabled me to think more about how I could include all of these in my practice. The idea of a chip is appealing more in this case, because the data can be sent off to an app where you can see your results through your smartphone or tablet etc. and not have to carry machine equipment with you all the time. On the app, it will also have a breakdown of everything.