What is nutrition?

Nutrition is the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth. Nutrition is so important for our health because your body requires specific nutritional needs to promote healthy support and development, especially in children and babies. Nutrition is chemicals that are broken down in the foods that we eat, and everything we eat contains nutrition. Your nutrition is one of the most important factors on seeing how diseases and any unfamiliar circumstances react to your body, and how the nutrition impacts on your diet.

A brief History:

To put into perspective on how nutrition has always been important, and how it has changed over time, I have researched on the history of nutrition.

The Bible, Book of Daniel.

The story of Daniel being captured by the King of Babylon, and how he rejected fine foods and wine showed how eating vegetables helped to keep Daniel and his men fitter, rather than the King’s men.

Hippocrates (Greece, ca460BC – ca370BC), one nutrient theory.

Hippocrates theory of everyone eating one piece of food that contained one nutrient, concluded that is what makes everyone who they are, the way that they are. His famous quote “Let thy food be thy medicine and thy medicine be thy food.” Inspired me to think about how we can use food as medicine, and therefore we would no longer need to buy unneeded products.

Antoine Lavoisier (France, 1743-1794).

The father of nutrition. He designed the ‘calorimeter’, which measured heat that was produced from the body and the different consumptions of different types of foods.

Christiaan Eijkman (Holland, 1858-1930).

Christiaan did the experiment of testing chickens with Beriberi disease following from the people from Java catching this. The chickens that were fed white rice caught this, but the chickens fed brown rice did not catch anything. The people with the disease in Java were cured after being fed brown rice, which later he discovered contained Vitamin B1.

Dr. James Lind (Scotland, 1716-1794).

A pioneer on hygiene in the Scottish and Royal (British) navies. He was known for is persistence of cleanliness with people, clothing and nutrition. All of which were used in order to help prevent and cure scurvy.

Dr. William Beaumont (USA, 1785-1853).

After treating a French trapper, he examined his open stomach. From his examinations he was able to discover some important information about the stomach such as foods all get digested in one place at different rates and fat is digested slowly.

Dr. Stephen Babcock (USA, 1843-1931).

Experimenting on cows, he fed one selection on wheat plants, and another selection on corn plants. The ones who ate wheat gained weight during the first 12 months, whereas the corn fed cows gave birth to healthy calves. The corn fed cows also produced 3x more milk than the other. Later, it was discovered that corn contains Vitamin A.

Kazimierz Funk (Poland,1884- 1967).

During his research, he began labeling the different types of vitamins. For example, water soluble vitamins began with B, and because there is more than one water soluble base, the 1/2/3 after B was introduced.

Vitamin C was found after an experiment with guinea pigs, an animal that is rare to need this vitamin due to their body not being able to synthesize it.



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